Antifragile

by Nassim Nicholas Taleb

The sub-title, “Things that gain from disorder” clarifies the meaning of the title.

The author claims that almost everyone says the opposite of fragile is something like robust or resilient. Whereas fragile things are harmed by disorder, robust things are unaffected by disorder. There wasn’t a word for things that benefit from disorder, so he coined the word “antifragile”. Much of the book is giving examples of things that are antifragile and exploring the concept.

The previous book in this series was Black Swan, the author’s term for an extreme event so rare you can’t predict it. For example, a catastrophic flood many feet above the 100-year flood line would be a Black Swan. (In other words: an unpredictable rare event of large consequence)
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